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31-07-2013, 10:46 - О китайских именах


Дарья Сухарчук  О китайских именах

Девушку в окошке банка звали Осенний лотос - 秋莲. Героя рассказа, который я недавно прочла- Осенний гусь 秋雁. Автор рассказа, которому юноша приходился отцом, долго и обстоятельно объяснял, почему он дал ему такое имя: семья переехала на север, но всё равно скучала по родному югу, и когда родился сын, отец как раз наткнулся на эти два иероглифа в поэтическом сборнике. Тут и намёк на силу, и на тоску по дому, и цитата из средневекового поэта...неплохое имя. И, главное- необычное (ох, как китайцы это любят- знали бы вы)!

Вообще тут за каждым именем стоит своя история. Некоторые считаются удачными, некоторые- нет. Например, мои китайские подружки, окончившие университет, посмеялись над именем Осенний Лотос: что за глупости, лотос ведь цветёт летом! Такого не бывает! Чем только думали родители...
Имя, которое дают родители ребёнку, всегда несёт в себе намёк на судьбу, пожелание. Например, одного моего знакомого по фамилии Поле (тянь-田) зовут Небо (天-тянь). Его отец специально назвал его так, чтобы чтобы он не провёл всю жизнь, уткнувшись в землю, поднял от неё голову, устремился в небо. Сработало: товарищ работает в университете и копающимся в земле замечен не был.
Моё собственное китайское имя- 兰馨 переводится как "аромат орхидеи". Его мне подобрали под фамилию- 苏 (су)- "Цветущий" (кажется, у всех девушек Су в Китае цветочные имена :)). Все три иероглифа складываются во фразу "аромат цветущей орхидеи": 苏兰馨. Фамилия- Су- многими воспринимается как привет с юга (есть рядом с Шанхаем чудесный город Сучжоу -苏州- столица провинции Цзянсу- 江苏), где, как известно, живут самые красивые девушки. Орхидея 兰-это символ скромности, одного из качеств благородного человека. Последний иероглиф 馨- "аромат"- значит ещё и тихое спокойной счастье. Так что моя учительница, которая дала мне это имя в первый мой приезд в Китай, пожелала мне быть красивой, скромной, и счастливой.:)
Девочкам часто дают цветочные имена, мальчикам- травы и деревьев. Но никак не наоборот! Так что по имени в большинстве случаев можно определить пол человека.
Исключение составляют дети Культурной революции с именами вроде Красная армия, Красная политика и т.п. По слухам, некоторый жертвы родительских политических страстей в более позднем возрасте меняют имена, притом часто подбирают более приятные глазу иероглифы с похожим чтением. Ну, и есть ещё, конечно, имена типа "Умница" или "Радость", которые ничего не говорят о поле их владельца.
Ну, а местным анекдотом стал один французский юноша, который сам взял себе имя Лехо- 烈火- Пламя, Пожар. Т.е. он,
типа, такой:

 О китайских именах


Я, услышав его имя, ожидала увидеть бойкого рыжего парня, с громким смехом, азартного спорщика, страстного любителя женщин и даже, может быть, мужчин, а также шумных вечеринок, страстных танцев, опасных драк...
Однако мне представили тихого любителя компьютерных игр...
Что, собственно, и делает его местным анекдотом :)

Дарья Сухарчук
ЖЖ Дарьи Сухарчук


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Firmam?z 2009 Y?l?ndan Buyana ADANA Kentinde Toner , multitek servisi adana, G?venlik Kameras?
Notebook Pc , karel servisi adana , adana notebook ve Tablet pc Onar?m? , Notebook Ve Tablet Pc Yedek Par?a ,
Alanlar?nda Hizmet vermekte Olup Profesyonel Ekibi ile M??teri
Memnuniyeti Odakl? ?al??maktad?r.